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Frequently Asked Questions

1. WHAT IS NANOTECHNOLOGY?

Nano is derived from the Greek word for dwarf.  1 nanometer is approximately 100,000 times thinner than a human hair. Nanotechnology is a rapidly growing science of producing and utilizing nano-sized particles that measure in nanometers (1 nm = 1 billionth of a meter). The term nanoparticle is generally used to indicate particles with dimensions less than 100 nanometers (one nanometer is one billionth of a meter). For comparison, a human hair is about 100,000 nm in diameter, while a smoke particle is about 1,000 nm in diameter.

2. WHAT ARE POTENTIAL NANO-TiO2  APPLICATIONS 

Self cleaning

  • For exterior and interior self-cleaning applications

  • For super hydrophilic application (Save energy)

Air purification

  • For indoor VOCs and other air quality pollutants

  • For the key component of air purification equipment

Anti-bacterial

  • For Epidemic (H5N1, SARS, MRSA) defense

  • For disease prevention after earthquake, flood, cyclone and etc.

  • For hospital, public room, home daily anti-bacterial treatment

  • For anti-bacterial surface treatment

Anti-mould & anti-moss

  • For use on wood, marble, granite, metal, paint and concrete surfaces

Deodorization

  • For pet odor control

  • For garbage odor treatment

  • For tobacco smoke odor removal

Water purification

  • For printing and dyeing industry

  • For early stage cleaning of water for household use 

  • For port and sea oil pollution

3. WHAT IS TITANIUM DIOXIDE (TiO2)?

Titanium is the 9th-most common element on earth and titanium oxide is used as a white pigment in paint and cosmetics.  As a pigment a lower grade titanium dioxide is used.  For photocatalyst applications like air-purifying, anti-bacterial use and self-cleaning purposed a very high-grade photo reactive titanium dioxide is used.  Its high levels of reaction to light enable it to act as a catalyst to produce large quantities of hydroxyl radicals that cause the oxidation of organic matter, sterilize most bacteria and clear the air of pollutants.  Titanium dioxide can do this without changing its own structure, thereby causing it to have an indefinite life span.  Add to this the fact that it is non-toxic to the environment and humans, it is no wonder it is being talked about in the same glowing terms used to describe the future of plastic when it first came to the market.   

4. ARE NANO-PRODUCTS SAFE?  ARE THEY TOXIC?

Safety of TiO2

TiO2 used as photocatalyst is physically and chemically safe, the US certified it as a food additive in 1968 and Japan did in 1983.   It is now used widely in making white chocolates and functional cosmetics, including lipsticks.  The Food Analysis Center of Japan Food Research Laboratories and Mitsubishi Chemical Safety Institute Ltd. demonstrated its safety through skin simulating tests and acute oral toxicity test.

EPA Registration and Assesment
http://www.epa.gov/opprd001/inerts/titaniumdioxide.pdf


5. WHAT IS A PHOTOCATALYST?

Photo-Catalysis is defined as "acceleration by the presence of a catalyst". A catalyst does not change in itself or being consumed in the chemical reaction. This definition includes photosensitization, a process by which a photochemical alteration occurs in one molecular entity as a result of initial absorption of radiation by another molecular entity called the photosensitized.
Chlorophyll of plants is a type of photocatalyst called photosynthesis. Photocatalysis is when chlorophyll captures sunlight to turn water and carbon dioxide into oxygen and glucose. Photocatalysis is the creation of a strong oxidation agent to breakdown any organic matter to carbon dioxide and water in the presence of the photocatalyst, light and water.

Fig-1 Photocatalyst & Chlorophyll

 

6. WHAT ARE VOCs AND WHERE DO THEY COME FROM?

VOCs - Volatile Organic Compounds are gases given off by a number of indoor sources.

Formaldehyde is one of the most common VOCs. Formaldehyde is a colorless gas with an unpleasant smell. It is common in many building materials such as plywood, particleboard, and glues. Formaldehyde is also found in furnishings (furniture, drapes and carpets) and in some types of foam insulation. Other sources of VOCs and formaldehyde include burning of fuels: gas, wood, kerosene, and tobacco products. VOCs also come from personal care products such as perfumes and hair spray, from cleaning agents and dry cleaning fluid, paints, lacquers and varnishes, and from copying and printing machines.

VOCs can be released from a product for several years, though the amounts given off tend to be less as the product ages and "dries out".

7. WHAT SYMPTOMS DO VOCs CAUSE?

VOCs can cause irritation of the eyes, nose and throat, nausea and dizziness, and skin problems. Higher amounts can cause irritation of the lungs and wheezing. Higher exposures to formaldehyde may also cause memory problems and anxiety.

8. WHAT IS OXIDATION?

The process of combining oxygen with some other substance or a chemical change in which and atom loses electrons.  The most powerful advanced oxidation systems are based on the generation of hydroxyl radicals. They act as very powerful disinfecting agents by oxidizing cells of micro-organisms, causing rapture of the cell and leakage of vital composition.

9. HOW DOES NANO-TiO2 PROTECT AGAINST BACTERIA AND VIRUSES?

Micro-organisms carry a negative charge while TiO2 coated surface carries a positive charge. This creates an "electromagnetic" attraction between the microbe and treated surface. Once contact is made, the microbe is oxidized and dies instantly.

10. WHY IS  NANO-TiO2 TREATMENT  SEMI-PERMANENT?

Although it is originally water-soluble, it dries quickly after application and becomes water-insoluble. It also becomes very hard in ten to fourteen days after application. It does not come off unless the surface is polished. Titanium dioxide is merely the catalyst and is not changed, its effect is semi-permanent except when walls and ceilings are repainted.

11. WHAT IS ANTI-STATIC?

Dust particle is no longer attracted to the oily components on the TiO2 treated surface.

12. WHAT IS HYDROPHILIC?

Hydrophilic ~ water loving. When the surface of photocatalytic film is exposed to light, the contact angle of the phtocatalyst surface with water is reduced gradually. After enough exposure to light, the surface reaches a super-hydrophilic state. In other words, it does not repel water at all, so water cannot exist in the shape of a drop, but spreads flatly on the surface of the substrate. The water takes the form of a highly uniform thin film, which behaves optically like a clear sheet of glass.  The hydrophilic nature of titanium dioxide, coupled with the gravity, will enable the dust particles to be swept away following the water stream, thus making the product self-cleaning.

13. WHERE TO APPLY?

  • Walls of buildings to prevent UV attack. (One of the property of PHOTOCATALYST is to absorb UV light)

  • PHOTOCATALYST coated on external walls will have a self clean property, that is the wall is not easy to get dirty.

  • Sprayed on walls of entire estate will lower the rate of transportation of bacteria, virus, mold, etc, and keep people strong and healthy.

  • PHOTOCATALYST coating on walls of highway & tunnel lights will help the decomposition of NO2 & NO3 that emitted from vehicles.

  • Spray PHOTOCATALYST on garden facilities can lower the possibility of infections of bacteria & virus by contact. 

  • PHOTOCATALYST can be sprayed on filters of central air-con to decompose the bacteria that captured on the filter, and reduce the bad odor.

  • PHOTOCATALYST can decompose those organic VOC gases and so as formaldehyde from paint & woodwork after decorations.  *Some medical report indicates that formaldehyde is closely related to the Children Blood Cancer.

  • PHOTOCATALYST coating on walls and ceiling can lower the transmission of bacteria, and so as the bad odor.

  • You can also protect masks , toys, telephone, fans, curtains, toilet, bed, cabinets  etc.

We provide photocatalyst surface coating for long-lasting effects of deodorization, sterilization, and anti-soiling purposes. Using regular spray-coating equipments, a fine mist of photocatalyst can be applied on different types of surface material that guarantees the maximum result. 

Featured Products

Technology References

Green Chemistry
Nano World After All
Annihilating Anthrax (NASA)
It's your Health!
Self-Clean Materials
Self-Sanitizing Surface
Light Cleaning Revolution
Environmental Friendly Technology
Jacuzzi, Sps & Pools Gens Nano Coat 

Self-sanitizing, anti-bacterial, anti-algae, anti- fungus & anti-mold Nano-TiO2 coating


Apply on tiles, marble, granite, ceramics, metal, fiberglass, plastic


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